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皈依教授(A Teaching on Taking the Refuges)

时间:2018-06-28 21:16:53 来源:西藏在线 责任编辑:西藏在线小编

初学菩萨入道教授(Instruction?<wbr><wbr>on?<wbr><wbr>Entering?<wbr><wbr>the?<wbr><wbr>Path?<wbr><wbr>o?<wbr><wbr>f?<wbr><wbr>the?<wbr><wbr>Beginner)

阿底峡尊者造

 

藏译英 Richard Sherburne, S.J.

     英译汉  圆满菩提心翻译组  

皈依教授

In Sanskrit: Sarana-gacchami-desa.

In Tibetan: A Teaching on Taking the Refuges

礼敬三宝!

礼敬赐予最胜涅槃安乐,彻底解脱五趣和三恶趣诸痛苦者!

I pay homage to the Three Jewels.

I bow to that which deigns to bestow

The happiness of the highest Nirvana

And has cleansed away the entire suffering

Of the Five Rebirths and Three Evil Destinies.

此处释皈依于此15种标题下:

1) 器         9)定义

2) 次第    10)行为

3) 动机    11)举例

4) 持续    12)分界

5) 特性    13)过失

6) 标准    14)必要性

7) 方式    15)利益          

8) 修学

The explanation of Going for Refuge is presented here under

these fifteen headings:

1) Vessels (rten) 9) Definition (nges pa'i tshig)

2) Stages (gnas) 10) Deeds (las)

3) Motivation (bsam) 11) Example (dpe)

4) Duration (dus) 12) Divisions (dbye-ba)

5) Character (rang bzhin) 13) Defects (nyes-dmigs)

6) Criteria (tshad) 14) Necessity (dgos-pa)

7) Manner (tshul) 15) Benefits (phan-yon).

8) Training (bslab)

(1) 有二种人是适合的器:

a) 属于大乘种性,

b) 属于小乘种性。

[1] There are two [kinds of] persons who are (fit) Vessels:

a) those who belong to the Great Vehicle family, and

b) those who belong to the Lesser Vehicle family.

(2) 次第,此处由大小乘之不同分二。在大乘传统中,所皈依的三宝是:真如三宝,证三宝,和当下现前三宝。

[2] As for the Stages (gnas), here there are two divisions by

reason of the difference between the Great and Lesser Vehicles.

Thus in the Great Vehicle [Mahayana] tradition, the Three

Jewels to which one goes for refuge, are [depending on one's

level]: the Three Jewels of Suchness, the Three Jewels of Direct

Realization, and the Three Jewels present here and now.

如此,有: a) 法界,无二无分别智,无谬智之次第,

b) 有大菩萨地次第,其平等了知所有诸法为法空如虚空;此为智慧波罗密,无垢法界,

c) 次,有如下之修行者各种之修道进阶次第:

波罗密和菩萨地,三十七觉支,四谛和二身。

亦有修道次第之菩萨,如同资粮道之菩萨,持九大经典和祈祷文,和小擦擦或观想之像/画之物。,

小乘传统中的说法是这样的:无论何人皈依三宝,皈依佛陀,皈依僧团和所教授之佛法,在无学道和涅槃中二者是等同的。

That is, there are: a) [those taking Refuge] who are at the stage of the Realm of Reality, that wisdom of non-dual nonconceptual realization, the non-erroneous knowing of what is to be known, and

b) there are those at the stage of the great Bodhisattva Level who when in equipoise know all phenomena as [empty of reality as] the dome of the heavens; that is, the Perfection of Wisdom itself, the pure Realm of Reality, and

c) Again, there are those at [various] stages of religious development such as:

The Perfections and [Bodhisattva] Levels,

The Thirty-seven Wings of Enlightenment,

The Four Truths, and the two kinds of Form Body.

And there also is the bodhisattva in the Practice Path stage, as well as the Equipment Path bodhisattva, with his prayer books and Nine Great Texts of scripture, and things like casting small clay or metal images, and painting.

In the tradition of the Lesser Vehicle [Hinayana], the saying is:

Whoever goes for refuge to the Three, goes for refuge to the Buddha, and to his Community-making Teaching, both in the No-Study stage and in Nirvana as well.

(3) 动机:

大乘行者思维利益所有有情而无所遗漏。而另外小乘行者,仅为利己。

[3] As to Motivation:

The Mahayanist thinks of the good of all sentient beings without exception. As for the other [Hinayanist], it is the thought of one's own good only.

(4) 持续:

大乘行者,直至证觉永皈依。小乘行者,其皈依誓愿是仅此生。

[4] As to Duration:

For the Mahayanist, it lasts up until the heart of Awakening.

For the one (Hinayana), the pledge is for only as long as this life lasts.

(5) 特性:行者具惭愧心和谦卑心,自然得受皈依。

[5] As to Character: It is the person who has a sense shame and modesty, and to whom [Taking the Refuges] comes spontaneously.

(6) 标准: 他们同意真实受皈,并有意求皈依。

[6] As to the Criteria:

They are the assent, the actual taking of refuge, and doing so deliberately.

(7) 方式:有受皈仪轨,弟子应从喇嘛上师处求。

[7] As to Manner: There are rituals for taking the Refuges, and they should be asked from a lama.

(8) 修学:有普通和特别;及从喇嘛上师处得到口传。

[8] As to Training: There is the ordinary and the extraordinary; and one learns about this from the lips of a lama.

(9) 皈依之义:该词指行者得受皈依,因皈依是事,不从其他师处寻。

[9] As to the Definition [of "Refuge"]: the word denotes that one has taken refuge because one is a subject, seeking no other master.

(10) 行为:此为誓戒之基:诸如一日之誓戒(八关斋戒)-此是入解脱大城之门,是生起菩提心之与愿树。

[10] As to Deeds: they are what make up the basis of any vow:

such as the one-day vow [of eight precepts] - and they are the entrance gate of the great City of Liberation, and are the root from which will grow the Wish-granting Tree of the Thought of Awakening.

(11) 举例:如外现国王或大臣之威望,无论如何以任何方式不犯其戒。

[ 11 ] As for an Example: It is like subjects showing reverence to a king or minister, not transgressing his precepts in any way whatsoever.

(12) 此分界是普通(小乘)和 特别(大乘)之区别。

[12] The Divisions are the distinctions of the Ordinary [Hinayana] and the Extraordinary [Mahayana].

(13) 过失,有二:即,有缺陷之皈依或愚痴者。对于有缺陷之受皈,月称口传提供了一个解释作为例子,引用如下:“当修行者已受大乘誓戒,如果他仍依小乘,他迷失方向继续行进,如何能释此为圣行?”

[ 13] As to Defects, there are two:

namely, a defective [going for Refuge] or an ignorant one. As to the defective (refuge-taking), a quotation from the lips of Candrakirti provides an explanation as an example:

"When one has taken the vow of the [higher] Vessel,

If one then again relies on the lesser,

And continues in that spoiled direction,

How do you explain that as holiness?"

(14) 受皈之必要,世尊言,大部分众生因恐惧而害怕,向天堂树,森林和山,诸喜悦之方式而求皈护。然而,这些皈依不是有价值的,任何人依靠此种皈依,非胜皈依,此将无能从诸痛苦中得到解脱。但任何人无论何时皈依佛陀,佛法和僧,他将解脱众苦,和众苦因。他会得到八圣道和涅槃之乐。他将从慧观得四圣谛见。此为最高最胜皈依。依靠皈依,他将解脱众苦。”此为皈依之必要。

[14] As to the Necessity of Refuge-taking, the Blessed One has said,

Most human beings, terrified by fears,

Go for refuge to the paradise trees of sanctuaries,

to the forests and mountains, and to all manner of pleasures.

However, those refuges are not the chief ones,

And whoever relies on those refuges,

Which are not the best ones,

Will not be freed from all suffering.

But whenever anyone has gone for refuge

To the Buddha, the Teaching and the Community,

He passes beyond all suffering, as well as

The suffering from which suffering is bom.

He goes to the happiness of the Eightfold Noble Path and Nirvana.

He gains the view of the fourfold Noble Truths

Through his Insight.

That is the highest refuge, and the one

That is the best of all.

Relying on that refuge, he will be saved

From all suffering."

Such is the necessity of the Refuges.

(15) 利益,有三:

a) 因时利益,b)道时利益,c)果利益。

a)在因时,有现生和他后生利益。在现生之利益为:从八大怖畏中得到解脱,对法生欢喜并无障碍,如在死亡瞬间心怀喜悦之诸事。对他后生,他将引导众生远离轮回和恶趣的痛苦,安置于增上生,最后得到涅槃。

b) 道时利益:此促成行者修学四谛,八圣道,七觉支等等。

c)果利益:证得二种涅槃和三身。

[ 15] As for the Benefits, there are three:

a) benefits at the time of Cause, and

b) benefits at the time of Path, and

c) benefits of the Result.

a) At the time of Cause there are benefits in this life, and in the series of other lives. In this life the benefits are: being freed from the Eight Great Terrors, and having the friendship of the thousand ods who rejoice in the Teaching and are without

obstacles, and things like having a joyful mind at the moment of death. As to other life-series, they will lead one away from the sufferings of the rebirth cycle and of the evil destinies, and

will bestow the higher rebirths and [finally] Nirvana.

b) As for the benefits on the Path: they cause one to practice the Four Truths, and also the Eightfold Noble Path, and the Seven Limbs of Enlightenment, and so on.

c) As for the benefits of Result: one attains the two Nirvanas, and the Triple Bodies.

我简介此事;修行者必须从喇嘛上师和口授传承处得到更完整之解释。此《皈依教授》由燃灯吉祥智编辑刊印。

I have presented these things concisely; one must learn the fuller explanation from a lama and the oral tradition. This Teaching on Taking the Refuges was composed and published by Dipamkara-Sri-jnana.

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